American adventurer and author, Creek Stewart, is famous for his phrase that disaster is only a matter of time. “It is not whether we will be stricken, but when will,” he said in his book Build the Perfect Bug-Out Bag: Your 72-Hour Disaster Survival Kit.
You can not stay forever at home and just come out if the place you go to is Foursquare. Once upon a time, you must be tempted to vent to remote islands all over the archipelago. Just imagine things do not go as planned. You are stranded on an island that is not on the map. With the physical condition and limited equipment, cannot you survive? Do not you have to go grubby, cannot you spend one night in the wild?
Feeling challenged? Read the first survival guide below, which Hipwee swatched from the writing of Creek Stewart:
1. Finding a Safe Stay Location
You should find a dry place and not located lower than the surrounding surface. Avoid valleys and areas where water can be flooded because floods can come at any time. Choose a place away from the insect’s nest or rotted trees. You do not want to be lumbered while you sleep, right?
2. Establishing an Emergency Shelter
Remember yes, this is just a shelter. So do not expect you’ll find a style of comfort in a tent. Hypothermia is the ultimate killer if you are stranded in a cold, mountain-like area. To survive, you need an isolated shelter to keep your body temperature warm.
Find some branches of trees that are strong enough to be arranged for shelter. Use a tree that still stands as a pedestal. Cover your tent with a leaf or twig. Do not forget, also lay the floor with a wider leaf. That’s to prevent your body heat from being absorbed by the soil.
3. Light the Fire
You are encouraged to start a fire using the battery. What kind of battery can be – you just make the current so short. Connect the poles (+) and (-) from the battery with tinfoil (from cigarette packs or gum). Sparks of fire will be created into bundles made of dry and soft objects such as roots, grass, or cloth. Keep your fire burning. Prepare firewood.
If you do not have a battery, you can light a fire with rock and wood friction.
4. Raising Fire
After successfully lighting a fire in the bundle, you need wood in several sizes: the size of a toothpick, cotton bud, and pencil. First of all, prepare a wooden beam the size of your arm as a base of bundles. Then, stick the wood as big as a toothpick with a tilt on the package – this will form an oxygen-traversed angle. Add larger woods one by one. And so on until your fire is ready.
5. Looking for Clean Water
There are two types of water in the wild: the water you can drink and the water that can kill you. When you doubt that water can be drunk or not, your best choice is to cook it. If the water cooking option is not on the menu, you have to rely on rain and moisture because rainwater and dew do not need to be cooked. Waterfall when it rains. In the morning, wipe the dew in the leaves with a washcloth and wring the cloth in a container.
The roots of the tree and some types of cactus such as sylibum (milk thistles) contain water in it. If you’re abroad and there’s a maple tree around you, cut it off because the sap of a maple tree can be an energy syrup for you.
6. Harvest Water From Trees
Like humans, the plant also ‘sweats’ all day long. The process of evaporating this water is called transpiration. To be able to harvest this clean and drinkable water, you just wrap the branches of leafy trees with plastic, then tie the plastic tightly. Within a few hours, the water already collected in plastic and ready to drink.
7. Looking for Edible Plants
In a situation where your ultimate goal is to survive, do not be tantalizing to hunt wild animals. Never mind the deer, rabbits just hard to catch. Hang your life on small animals like fish, frogs, or lizards. However, the safest option is to eat plants. Bananas and pineapples are very easy to find in Indonesian forests. Also, you can also eat rattan, bamboo shoots, clover leaves, and ferns. Add your insights about food in the wild from the guidebooks.
8. Hunt With Spear
When your carnivorous desire cannot be dammed again, make a four-eyed spear that will be far more effective in catching fish and other game than a single-eyed spear. The trick cut the wood so that the same length with the spear in general and diameter of approximately 2.5 centimeters. Halve one end into four parts, each along the 25 cm. Throw wood or small stone to separate the four parts. Sharp out the edges. Be the four-eyed spear of your hard work.
9. Reading the Natural Compass
If your GPS and compass are damaged (or forget you have it), you can easily determine the east and west direction from sunrise and sunset position. If you use an analog watch, face it clockwise in the sun. Drag the imaginary line between the clock and the 12 – it is the line connecting north and south.
10. Reading the Constellations
The easiest way to determine the direction of the wind after sunset is to find the constellation of the Great Bear. This constellation is also known as Big Gayung. Special, when other constellations spin and ‘move’ all night the constellation remains in the north.
The features of this cluster of stars are composed of 7 stars and shaped scoop. Well, across from the Big Gungung there is a constellation of Little Gayung star, which as the name suggests smaller and not as big as Big Gung. At the end of the ‘handle’ of Little Taro, there is Polaris a.k.a. North Star: north of the most essential. In equatorial regions like Indonesia, North Star can be found near the horizon line.
11. Sending the S.O.S Signal
At one time, perhaps because of the physical condition, your only hope is to wait for help. Make sure you are in the open like a meadow or a hilltop so you can easily be seen and evacuated. The first option to make a signal is with a cloud of smoke from the fire. Remember: this is not about the big fire, but also how the smoke you produce can be so thick that it attracts the attention of airplanes or passing boats. So when the fire you make is already smoldering, a pile of leaves and grass that is still green and moist above it. Smoke would be steaming thick. Although it only lasts 10-15 seconds, it will be enough to attract attention.
The second option is to use the signal from the mirror. Even the reflection of the moonlight can be seen from a distance of nearly 160 kilometers, further out of reach than a flashlight. Take advantage of any object that can reflect light like a mirror or a mobile screen. The key is to direct the reflection of light precisely, and this is quite easy. Point the mirror you have to the sun or moon (not directly, but tilted slightly) until you see the reflection of light on the mirror’s surface. When you look at a ship or an airplane pass by, make a peace greeting with one of your hands, and “place” the ship or distant plane there between the two fingers. Then bounce the light reflector forward and backward behind your peace greeting.
Some of the above skills require exercise and memory power of the brain. Nothing wrong you learn first at home, then invite a friend to adventure into the forest or mountain as well as your exercise. Practice all the skills you know. Do not forget to give me info where you ventured out to your family, friends and local officials.