When winter comes, a lot of chicken breeders are worried their chickens cannot lay their eggs well. They will think about all the ways that their chickens can still produce as smoothly as in the summer.
Do Chickens Lay Eggs in the Winter?
To be able to fulfill it then the breeders do and ensure various things. Here we convey the ways that chicken farmers do so that the chicken can lay eggs in winter with excellent quality.
1. The water content in the feed
For feed quality to stay awake in the rainy season, then the water content in the feed should be considered that no more than 14% in how to maintain laying hens during the rainy season. If it is forced, then the chicken can be fed with raw materials moisture content of approximately 14% then dry with a dryer such as an oven or can also adjust the stock so that feed raw materials can be used as soon as possible. If necessary also can be added with a mold inhibitor such as propional acid to inhibit the growth of the fungus.
2. Apply FIFO System to Feed
Implementing the first in first out system based on the date of feed is also very important to do so more prioritize the long-stored feed that can be used first. If there is poor quality feed ingredients and is not possible to be stored for a long time, then it can be used first.
3. Provision of Multivitamin
To immune the laying hens are well preserved during the rainy season, the provision of multivitamins such as vita stress and forever and immunostimulants can be given primarily in how to treat sick chickens. This is very important because, during the rainy season, the temperature will decrease drastically so that bacteria and disease germs can multiply fertile and endanger the health of laying hens.
Multivitamins are given to laying hens can increase the immunity of the chicken body so it can avoid the attack of the disease. Add also electrolytes to reduce stress in chickens and keep the content of electrolytes in the chicken body always to be balanced.
4. Drug Dispensing
Implementing a deworming program or giving a worm drug to laying hens on a regular basis is also very important so that laying hens can live longer, especially during the rainy season. A worm medicine can be given to a 1-month-old chicken or when transferred to a battery enclosure.
Repetition of this worm drug should also be done based on the type of cage and even the kind of worm that will be eradicated. For laying hens are kept in the postal cage, it can be given worm medicine as much as 1 times a month, and for battery, the cage can be given 3 months. To eradicate the gypsum worm, worm drug administration should be repeated 1 to 2 times a month, for liverworms can be given 3 to 4 times a month and for tapeworms once a month.
5. Drinking Water
During the rainy season, the transmission of diseases through drinking water should also be considered and prevented by improving the quality of drinking water as it should be done on how to cope with cold chicken. One way is to create an integrated drinking water installation, i.e., drinking water must meet the requirements such as free from disease seeds such as E-coli bacteria, clear colored water, has no taste and also odorless.
6. Clean Feces
Feces that are buried under the cage should also be cleaned regularly during the rainy season. In addition to improving air quality, the stools that remain dry also do not damage the health of the workers. After the stool is removed, the soil in the lower half of the cage can be raised.
Then made a slope down towards the outside of the cage to accommodate water and also feces to the sewage treatment. This method is very well done to prevent stagnant water from forming under sometimes, reduce odor and accelerate dry stools.
7. Giving Antibiotics
In contrast to how to care for poultry, during the rainy season, water is often mixed with surface water that makes water contaminated with the seeds of diseases such as E-coli that cause disease colibacillosis. This disease will interfere with the growth of laying hens, decreasing the amount of production and also the quality of eggs.
If the chicken is exposed to this disease, then several types of antibiotics can be given to chickens such as colistin, neomycin, tetracycline and also quinolone derivatives. Besides, do even tight sanitation on the cage, the environment of the cage and even the source of water and avoid the treatment that can add stress to the chicken.
8. Prevent Mushroom Disease
Storage of feed and also corn and cages that leak during the rainy season can cause fungal diseases. Symptoms of this disease include skin pigmentation, neurological disorders, growth disorders and diarrhea.
This disease will drastically reduce egg production, chicken weight loss, eggshell thinning, pale change of color to pale and also decrease in body immunity in chickens.
To prevent diseases caused by fungi in the rainy season, you can keep the feed ingredients in the right place and fix any leaks. Also, add gentilan violet or sodium propoionate to the feed to reduce mold growth and avoid storing the feed for too long.
9. Add Heater
In chicken cattle in the rainy season especially for laying hens aged 1 to 14 days should be added heating so that the temperature of the cage can be by the decrease in the heat of the cage.
Keep the temperature of the heater can spread evenly throughout the circle brooding or laying hens aged 1 to 14 days. As for the temperature in the warehouse, the food storage should be around 30 to 400 c, and the humidity should be kept not exceeding up to 70%.
10. Drinking Water Treatment Treatment
During the early period of the rainy season, the pH of the water will decrease drastically. This will eventually cause laying hens to be stressed.
To prevent chickens stress, then use medication treatment in drinking water that always gives boiled water to the chicken during the rainy season.
11. Spray Cage Regularly
Spraying the cage during the rainy season should also be done which is useful to reduce ammonia that can interfere with chicken respiration. At the time of this spraying, do not get to the chicken because the chicken body moist can increase the number of diseases that attack the chicken.
12. Add the Tarpaulins
Tarp also must be added to the cage during the rainy season which is also mandatory in the way of raising the laying hens at home. The function of this cloth is to withstand the blowing of strong winds and even water during rain and also at night. When the rain begins to fall, or at night, this tarp can be closed so cold air does not pierce the body of the chicken.
13. Add Healthy Chicken Feed
For chicken health can be maintained during the rainy season, the provision of good feed on the chicken is critical to do. To make a natural, healthy feed for laying hens can be seen the following way.
Prepare temulawak, turmeric, ginger, papaya leaf and galangal.
Blend all the ingredients then dry with the oven, or if there is the hot sun, it can be dried to dry correctly and resemble fine bran.
Take 1 handful of feed and mix it on the chicken feed to be given and avoid the fodder that clumps so the chicken does not choke.
14. Pay attention to Chaff
Chaff is very important during the rainy season to avoid the cold weather in laying hens and broiler farming. Add a thickness of husk up to 10 cm that serves to warm the cage as well as dilute the dirt.
If the husks are moist, parasites and fungi such as candida sp can thrive. To that end, the shell should be kept dry by averting the shell regularly while adding new chaff and do not forget to replace the whole chaff regularly.
15. Watch Digestive Health
The enclosure environment is also essential during the rainy season. To overcome this problem can be given acidifier that serves to lower the pH in the small intestine so it is more acidic and can kill bacteria spread in the digestive tract.
For acidifying is 1-liter acidifier with one thousand liters of water. This gift can be done 3 times a week. With this, then the farmers have been able to control the disease in chickens between 30 to 40 percent. This acidifier is not only healthy for the chicken digestive tract but also reduces the number of bacteria in the chicken body.
16. Close the Coop With Meeting
During the rainy season, the laying hen should also be sure to be sealed with meetings that must be done in all types of livestock including turkey cattle. This must be done so that humid and cold air coming from outside do not go inside because it can decrease the stamina of chicken as well as increase the humidity in the cage so that various germs can thrive in the cage.
How to care for laying hens in the rainy season becomes very important to do so that the immune system can stay awake, not decrease the quality of eggs and also prevent chicken diseases that often occur during the rainy season. Hopefully, the information we have given this time can be useful especially for those of you who are beginners in raising the chicken laying.
Thus the conclusion is laying hens can lay their eggs in winter.